Famous Baroque Artists

Who are some of the famous Baroque artists?

Famous Baroque Artists
Born in 1573, the Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio became an orphan when he was 11. His life was a combination of painting, which sometimes outraged critics for its realism, and violence-including a murder charge.  His work is characterized by its immediacy, realism and drama. His use of "tenebrism," or contrast between bright light and dark shades, was revolutionary. Caravaggio died in 1610 after being pardoned by the Pope. Among Caravaggio's famous works are:

  • Self-Portrait as a Sick Bacchus c. 1593-1594
  • Medusa 1598
  • The Interior of Contarelli Chapel, Rome, Italy
  • Crucifixion of St. Andrew c. 1609-1610

Dutch artist Rembrandt van Rijn was born in 1606. At the age of 22, he started taking his own students. As successful an artist as Rembrandt was, his personal life was tragic. During his lifetime, his wife and his common law wife both died. Most of his children died before gaining adulthood. In addition, Rembrandt spend more than he earned.  Rembrandt died in 1669, leaving behind a bulk of work that continues to challenge experts. Which paintings did Rembrandt paint and which where painted by his students?
Among Rembrandts paintings are:

  • The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp 1632
  • Artistotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer 1653
  • Bathsheba at Her Bath 1654
  • Self Portrait 1658

Sculptor and architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini was born in Naples in 1598, the son of Pietro Bernini, who was also a well-known sculptor. Largely working in Rome, Bernini traveled to France at the request of King Louis XIV, only to lose favor for extolling the virtues of Italian art and architecture over French art and architecture. Bernini was also famous for his fountain designs, such as the Trevi Fountain, which was not actually finished until 1751, almost 75 years after his death in 1680. Bernini remains know today for works such as:

  • Baldachin over the High Alter of St. Peter's 1624-1633
  • Ecstasy of St. Teresa 1645-1652
  • Fountain of the Four Rivers 1648-1651
  • Sant' Andrea al Quirnale 1658-1670
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