What Is Cubism Art

What is Cubism art? With the rise of Cubism, art made a radical change, as the principles of Cubism redefined how painters captured their subjects on the canvas. This innovative movement thrived in the early 20th century and influenced many later movements. Cubism is considered an abstract art form, which means that the artist doesn't attempt to recreate the subject accurately. Instead, cubist art engages the viewer by presenting the subject in multiple facets and angles through geometric shapes.

Cubism Pioneers
The Cubist movement has its roots in the late work of the French painter Paul Cezanne, who produced several paintings that broke down complex forms into simple shapes. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque studied Cezanne's work, as well as the simple lines and powerful forms of certain African sculptures. Picasso and Braque pioneered the Cubist movement between 1907 and 1914 in Paris, France. The artists felt that presenting an object from every angle at once displayed its most true form, and that kind of art allowed viewers to overcome the limits of human sight. This binocular approach to paintings encountered criticism early on by more traditional artists, but it was imitated by thousands of artists throughout Europe, with several schools and art groups associated with Cubism. Other famous Cubist artists include Paul Gauguin and Henri Matisse. The movement soon spread around the world via exhibits and gallery displays.

Cubism Characteristics
The most distinguishing characteristic of Cubism is the artist's attempt to show several views of a subject simultaneously. Cubist paintings are generally lacking in depth and perception and instead present subjects that have been broken up along geometric planes, preserving a warped two-dimensional look. Cubist art is separated into two sections: analytic Cubism and synthetic Cubism. While early analytic Cubist art often used a monochromatic color scheme, later works of synthetic Cubism were often painted with more color contrasts. Geometric forms tended to be smaller and more detailed in the center of the painting, growing larger and softer as the subject expanded.

Famous Cubism Paintings
Picasso's works are among the most famous of Cubist art. Some of the best examples of the art form are "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," "Bread, Fruit and Table," "Woman Playing The Mandolin" and "Portrait of Ambroise Vollard." Braque, the co-founder of the movement, produced several noted works, including "Still Life With Violin," "Houses at L'Estaque" and "Large Nude."

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