How to Tune a Violin

Learning how to tune a violin can save you a lot of time. Violins have to be tuned often, and if you don't know how to tune a violin, you'll have to wait until a lesson to have it tuned, or until you see a professional. Here are some tips to help you learn how to do it yourself.

There are different ways to tune a violin. If you have a metronome with a tuning feature, that can make your job a lot easier. You'll simply match the sound of the strings with that of the metronome. On the violin you should start with the A. If you don't have a metronome, a piano is a great alternative, though not always as easily accessible.

Play the A on your tuning device (the metronome or piano) and then on your violin. The A on the violin is the third string from the left. You can either pluck the string on the violin or play it with the bow. You should be listening for a match. If the sounds are the same, you don't have to do anything. If they don't match, you'll have to tune your violin. To tune the violin, adjust the tension of your violin string. It can be easiest to loosen the string before attempting to tighten it. After you've tuned the A you can move on to the other strings. Tune the D string next then the G string and finally the E.

To adjust the tension, turn the peg attached to the string. You can find it by following the string up to the pegbox. Play with the tension of the string until it matches your tuning device. Make sure you don't tighten your string too much or you could break it. At the same time, if all of your strings are very loose, tighten them all somewhat before tuning a string to perfection. Too much pressure on one string can cause the bridge to fall.

Once you think you have the tuning right, try to play the strings to check your accuracy. It may take a while until you're good at tuning a violin, but the more you do it the quicker you should be able to do it. 

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