Octavia Butler (1947 -- 2006) is perhaps the most well-regarded contemporary science-fiction author. As an African-American woman, she not only survived in an industry mostly dominated by white men, but she also forged a new respect for the entire science-fiction genre. It is not terribly difficult to assert that our world -- both present and future -- has enjoyed creative, intellectual and spiritual enhancement thanks to her stunning contributions.
Butler's affinity for writing emerged early on in her life. In fact, she started sending manuscripts to publishers when she was as young as 12 years old. She grew up in California and attended both Pasadena City College and California State University in Los Angeles. Later, she honed her craft at the Clarion Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers Workshop. When her mother died in 1999, Butler moved to Seattle, where she lived for the rest of her life. In 2006, she died at age 58 after striking her head in a fall.
Style and themes
Butler was a major force in the science-fiction world. One thing that set her above many writers of the same genre was her unflinching willingness to address real social issues in her writing. While some science-fiction writers create an interesting world and little more, Octavia Butler crafted the interesting worlds plus strong, complex characters confronting tough problems, like racism, economic inequality and environmentalism. Another thing that made her work so well-respected was that she handled those issues with grace and subtlety. Her protagonists were often strong, African-American women, and she tackled issues like sexuality and gender relations in her work.
A look at her work
Altogether, Butler published 12 novels and one collection of short stories. One aspect that has garnered critical praise for Butler was her ability to appeal to an audience outside of science-fiction fans, which no doubt has to do with her masterful character-building and talent for taking on poignant themes. A brief look at her work can reveal a bit of her creativity.
Patternist: According to Book Rags, Butler was best known for the Patternist series, which consists of the books Patternmaster (1976), Mind of My Mind (1977), Survivor (1978), Wild Seed (1980) and Clay's Ark (1984). The Patternist world depicts a future that might be new but isn't exactly brave. In it, certain humans have telepathic abilities, and the novels chronicle that race's rise, as well as its confrontations with nontelepathic humans and other races.
Kindred: Though Book Rags claims that Butler was best known for the Patternist series, Seattle PI maintains that Kindred was her most popular work. The novel tells a time-travel story in which a black woman from the 1970s is transported to a pre-Civil War slave plantation. Though initial would-be publishers balked over picking up the novel, it became a useful addition to many college classrooms once it was in print.
Fledgling: Published in 2005 (ironically the same year as Stephanie Meyer's Twilight), Fledgling tells the story of a woman who finds out that she is actually a genetically modified vampire, which leads her on a journey of self-discovery. It was Butler's last novel.
In addition to her publishing credits, Butler's mastery of the science-fiction genre has been recognized with various awards and accolades. In 1984, she won the Hugo Award for best short story for Speech Sounds, and the Nebula Award for best novelette for Bloodchild. In 1985, Bloodchild garnered her another Hugo Award. But perhaps the greatest recognition she received is the best testament to her genius: In 1995 she was awarded a Genius Grant from the MacArthur Foundation to honor her creativity and contributions to the world of science fiction.