Cystic Acne Symptoms

Cystic acne, also known as nodulocystic acne, is one of the most severe types of acne a person can experience. Cystic acne can cause extremely irritated breakouts on the face and body. The pimples or pustules can be quite large and very deep, become terribly inflamed and infected and cause a serious and painful acne condition.

Each cyst that erupts on the skin has a swollen red soft exterior filled with pus. People with cystic acne can occasionally also develop skin nodules - hardened painful lumps deep beneath the surface of the skin. Nodules are very slow to heal. Some skin care practitioners believe that cysts may actually simply be nodules that have become extremely inflamed or infected, having risen to the surface of the skin due to the exaggerated state of inflammation.

The causes of cystic acne are not completely clear and vary from individual to individual.

A few of the most likely factors that put people at greater risk for developing cystic acne include hormonal changes or imbalances, as well as accumulation of dirt and oils on the skin. Skin care experts tend to believe that this type of acne is hereditary, running in families. The majority of people affected tend to be teenagers. More boys than girls develop this particular type of acne.

It is important to see a dermatologist for acne treatments if you suspect you have cystic acne. Do not try to pop the cysts, as this can cause bleeding and further infection, which can ultimately lead to scarring. Some people are prone to have a larger number of acne-causing bacteria on their skin or an excess number of dead skin cells. It is important you keep your skin as clean as possible.

Treatment options include oral antibiotics and steroid injections. Some women are given oral contraceptives which can help combat acne.  Sometimes surgical drainage or excision is required to extract the infected matter from the cysts to help them heal. Consult with your dermatologist for the best acne treatment option for you.

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