Knowing how to treat and how to get rid of a burn scar can make a huge difference in your appearance and peace of mind.
To learn how to remove burn scars, it is important to understand the different degrees of burns and the scars they may leave behind. A first degree burn is a considered to be a minor burn unless the burn covers a large part of your body in places such as the hands, the feet, the face or a major joint. First degree burns usually result in red, sore skin, perhaps with some swelling.
Second degree burns result in blisters. The affected area may also become red and spotty-looking. A second degree burn is considered to be more serious if the burn covers three or more inches.
In order to treat first and second degree burns, run cold water over the burns for a minimum of five minutes and then cover the burns in sterile gauze. In order to help prevent scarring, keep the wounds clean to prevent infection, avoid reinjuring the areas and keep the burned areas out of the sun for a year. Minor burns can heal in a different color than the rest of your skin, but you don't want to aggravate your injuries and make it worse. Generally speaking, the redness will fade over time.
Third degree burns are the most serious. Not only the skin might be involved but tissues may be burned down to the bone. If someone has third degree burns, call emergency as soon as possible. While you are waiting for help, elevate the areas that are burned and cover those areas with a moist white cloth, towels or sterile bandage, if possible. Don't try to use cool or cold water on the burns and leave any charred or burned clothing in place unless the clothing is still hot or smoldering.
Removing Scars from Burns
There are three types of scarring from serious burns, keloid scars, which are raised above the skin, hypertrophic scars, which resemble raised layers of ropes, and burn contractures, which prevent range of motion.
Keloid scars may be treated using lasers, dermabrasion or z-plasty. Z-plasty is a surgery that positions the scar tissue so that it is lined up better with the "good" tissue that is healing. Laser surgery is also an option for hypertrophic scars. Z-plasties and skin grafts are sometimes used to help restore range of motion for those who have burn contractures.
Your surgeon and physician will be able to provide you with a full range of your options on how to treat scars from serious burns.
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