How to Write a Lesson Plan

When learning how to write a lesson plan, it's crucial for you to keep certain objectives in mind. A lesson plan is a detailed outline of how you, the teacher, will present academic material to students, as well as the place where the purpose and objective of the lesson is stated. A good lesson plan is clear and focused, while a poorly written lesson plan can thwart even the best of intentions.

Pre-Prep
A good lesson plan outlines the materials needed, plus any special details, such as a guest speaker or where to order certain hard-to-get supplies. You should also include information on the age and learning ability of the students and what knowledge they are already bringing into the lesson. The instructional objectives-both broad ones and narrow ones-must also be stated.

Process
Once the preliminary plan is written, the next part to write is the execution of the lesson plan. Teachers should write the details of the actual processes that will present the information to the students. These instructional procedures will include how to get their attention, introduction of materials and what teaching techniques will be implemented. Teachers should also include how they will continually check for student understanding. Details include what the students do and when, as well as what the teacher does and when. A section on reviewing what was learned is also an important part of a well-written lesson plan.

Assessment
A good plan will have a description of what the students are supposed to get out of the lesson. It must also have a means to assess the level of learning. At the end of the lesson, there must be a measurable way to tell whether the lesson effectively presented the material. Teachers should also include a method of self-assessment to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the lesson plan. Finally, a well-written lesson plan should include a section for notes where the teacher can add ideas for improvements.

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