Medical workers need to be aware of the UHDDS data element facts. The Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set (UHDDS) was developed to help with patient monitoring across multiple hospital populations. It allows for an apples-to-apples comparison of patient data between institutions and even between countries. Not knowing what's included in the data set keeps you behind the best practices curve and could limit your progress as you work with administrative data and statistics.
What's included in the UHDDS
The UHDDS was developed by the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics as a way of keeping track of current and evolving health care trends. This included key areas of patient information as well as the kind of data that is needed by statisticians for analyzing health care consumption. The UHDDS was developed over multiple decades, but it's now an almost globally adopted standard.
There are a total of 42 possible elements of a UHDDS form. First are basic demographic elements, such as age, gender, ethnicity, marital status and education levels. Another set has to do with the hospital or health facility, including patient numbering systems, type of facility and assigned doctor or nurse. Finally, complete information about the reason for the patient coming to the hospital is recorded, including self-reported diagnosis, physician diagnosis, services rendered by the facility and dates of all procedures.
Certain elements of hte UHDDS form don't apply in all cases. For example, a male patient is unlikely to need to complete the section on weight of newborn and delivery. Nor will insurance information be recorded in countries with nationalized health services. However, the core focus of the form is to gather standardized but complete information about the presenting ailment and the individual patient.
How UHDDS helps health care professionals succeed
The UHDDS data elements facts help health care professionals succeed by helping track health care consumption and group patients into the appropriate classes. For example, patients who require intensive surgical procedures such as a heart transplant or back surgery are groups and categorized differently than patients who have minor ailments. Hospitals and clinics can then analyze resources consumed and outcomes to more appropriately train staff for presenting ailments and potential complications within the regional population.
The data is also useful in monitoring hospital quality across different areas. Hospitals in India can use the same data sets as hospitals in the US to compare patient service delivery outcomes and demographics to rank effectiveness of care. This can help with securing funding for new equipment, proving that doctors are providing adequate care, and showing how hospitals are in line with international standards even in emerging markets.
All in all, while the UHDDS does take time to complete, the data collection is an important part of being an efficient health care professional. Understanding the purpose of the data, what's included, and how it helps professionals succeed can ensure you make the UHDDS a second nature procedure throughout your career.