In a phrase, usually not. This occasionally irritating and generally temporary phenomena comes in many degrees and from a variety of causes, but it takes a rare set of circumstances for vertigo to settle in permanently. The most common of these circumstances are inner ear disorders such as neuronitis, vestibular neuritis and Ménière's disease.
Neuronitis, or the formation of a blood clot in the inner ear, causes loss of balance for several weeks or months, and can even become a life-long condition. Vertigo is a vestibular disorder, which means that the parts of the brain controlling motion and balance or affected adversely; neuronitis, in particular, causes difficulty when walking or even standing.
The second cause affects the vestibular nerve, which directs communication between the brain and inner ear in regards to balance. Inflammation can occur after respiratory infections, colds, and many viruses, and causes a sensation of dizzily moving surroundings and nausea for several days; fortunately, vertigo from vestibular neuritis is rarely present for more than several months. Rest is the typically prescribed cure, but sedatives or antihistamines are occasionally recommended.
The third of the three main causes of permanent or semi-permanent vertigo is Ménière's disease. Possibly related to an excess of vestibular fluid in the inner ear, Ménière's disease occurs when a job or repetitive task requires intense concentration for significant periods of time, as well as precise, minute movements. As opposed to causing constant vertigo, this condition creates lightheadedness, dizziness and possibly tinnitus (a persistent ringing sound) in relatively short periods ranging from once a day to once a year, depending on how often the task in question in performed; most people with Ménière's disease have only one ear affected, but a small percentage of people, 10% to 15% of those with the condition, can have it in both.
Causes of short- or long-term vertigo include head trauma, more moderate neuronitis, migraines, or misuse of alcohol, drugs, or prescription medication.
Inner ear dizziness can be a frustrating, even scary situation. Learn what causes this condition.
What causes dizziness? If you know what triggers that unbalanced feeling, you can take the first steps into remedying the situation.