What Causes Vertigo

What causes vertigo? The root of vertigo can be many different things, as it is a symptom of a bigger problem, rather than an independent disease. Vertigo symptoms are described as a feeling of dizziness, where it seems like the world is spinning around you. The feeling can last a short or long period of time. However, vertigo usually comes in waves, rather than sustaining for one, long period of time.

Causes of Vertigo

  • Alcohol and medications can cause vertigo. Ingesting too much alcohol, or ingesting alcohol while taking certain medications, can cause vertigo. Some medications by themselves may also cause vertigo. This type of vertigo can be treated by ceasing ingestion of the alcohol or medication that is causing it.
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, also known as BPPV, can cause vertigo. BPPV usually occurs when the inner ear experiences some sort of irritation or damage. The inner ear is very important to balance, and any irritation could cause problems. BPPV does not have one specific cause, but rather many different causes. If you suspect an inner ear problem, especially if the problem is accompanied by vertigo, you need to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
  • Cancerous and noncancerous tumors in head area can sometimes cause vertigo. These tumors are rare, and the most uncommon cause of vertigo. This is the type of problem that only a doctor will be able to diagnose.
  • Fear of heights can sometimes induce a rapid sensation of vertigo. This type of vertigo is only serious if it can cause the person to fall and injure themselves. Curing fear induced vertigo is all about curing the fear that causes it.
  • General illness can cause vertigo. This type of vertigo is common, such as when you have a bad cold or flu. The vertigo should only bother you briefly, and should vanish once you get over the illness.
  • Injury to the head or ear can cause vertigo. Depending on the severity of the injury, the vertigo can be minor or major. If the problem is anything other than very minor, you need to visit a doctor immediately to find out what's wrong.
  • Meniere's disease can cause vertigo. Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It can disrupt both hearing and balance. It can be treated with medication and/or surgery.
  • Migraine headaches can cause vertigo, along with many other symptoms. If a migraine headache is the problem, you'll need to treat it directly to help stop the vertigo.
  • Oxygen deficiency to the brain can cause vertigo. This deficiency can be minor, such as when you're exercising too hard, or major, such as when you're experiencing an asthma attack.
  • Seasickness can sometimes cause vertigo. This is due to the swaying of the water putting you off balance and making you feel dizzy and sick. This problem can be eased with the help of over-the-counter or prescription seasickness medication.
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