Causes of Colitis

Unfortunately, causes of colitis are many, and not all of them can be avoided. Colitis is a condition where the colon is inflamed. There are many different causes for inflammation of the colon, but the result is generally the same-diarrhea, fatigue, discomfort, abdominal cramps, rectal bleeding and even nausea. Understanding the causes of colitis can help you figure out if you might suffer from the condition.

Autoimmune Triggers
Researchers believe that some colitis is a result of an autoimmune condition where the body's white blood cells attack the healthy cells in the colon, mistaking them for intruders. People who suffer from other autoimmune disorders, such as celiac disease or rheumatoid arthritis, often develop colitis. Treatments for this kind of colitis include anti-inflammatory medications. In severe cases, surgery to remove part or all of the colon is performed.

Infectious Trigger
Some scientists believe that a virus or bacteria can trigger infectious colitis. Some of the bacteria that may be linked to the condition are E. coli and C. difficile. Salmonella may also trigger inflammation of the colon, and the same goes for parasites. Medications to treat the bacteria and parasites are generally administered as treatment, as well as colitis meds to treat the symptoms.

Related Diseases Trigger
People who suffer from certain diseases can also develop colitis. Inflammatory conditions and degenerative disorders in the colo-rectal area can cause colitis. Irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease and colon cancer can contribute to the development of colitis.

Risk Factors For Colitis
Gender doesn't seem to matter when developing colitis; men and women suffer in equal numbers. Most colitis cases are diagnosed relatively young, from the teen years and throughout the 20s. Non-whites are less likely to develop colitis. Research shows that genetic links may predispose some people to develop the condition, as descendents of those with colitis are more at risk to develop it.

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