There are several different types of hernias. Hernias can be compared to seams in a garment that have come undone. Apparently our bodies are created with many seams, all of which are supposed to keep certain body parts in specific places. If one of these seams tears or develops a hole, body parts may slip out of place through the hole in the seam. This is what we call a hernia. Sometimes a physician will physically sew up or use a mesh patch to cover the opening of concern; this is called a hernia patch.
The different types of hernias are categorized by what body parts they affect. Most hernias occur in the abdomen and affect the intestines, abdominal fatty tissue or stomach. The following are all different types of hernias:
Inguinal hernias occur in the groin area. These hernias involve the seam area between the thigh and the torso. Inguinal hernias show up as bulges in this inguinal area. This type of hernia is much more common in men than women.
A hiatal hernia occurs when there is a tear in the seam where the esophagus meets the stomach, causing part of the stomach to bunch up in the opening. This kind of hernia can cause heartburn, belching, nausea and vomiting.
Between your abdominal cavity and your thigh, there is a tiny space that allows your femoral artery, vein and nerve to exit your abdominal cavity and enter your leg. Sometimes this space becomes stretched, torn or enlarged, allowing your intestine to protrude through the opening. This causes a bulge just below your inguinal fold, roughly mid-thigh. Femoral hernias are more common in women than men.
Umbilical hernias occur when the opening in the abdominal wall just under the navel does not close after birth like it should. It results in a protrusion just under the belly button. These hernias are usually found in babies. They typically resolve themselves by age two, but if the hernia remains, reparative surgery may be performed.
Sometimes the rectus abdominus muscle can tear, causing a bulge on the side of the abdomen.
This rare hernia is challenging to diagnose because it does not produce an obvious bulge. This hernia occurs in women when the membrane in the pelvic cavity is torn. It can cause nausea and vomiting since this type of hernia manifests like a bowel obstruction.
This type of hernia occurs in a space between the navel and the rib cage. Because it usually only affects fatty tissue in the abdomen and not intestines, it can usually be fixed with manual manipulation.
Are you looking for a diet for hiatal hernia treatment? Check out this list of foods to avoid and a sample meal plan.
Aren't sure what a femoral hernia looks like? This primer on femoral hernias will help you determine if you need to see your physician for medical attention.
Do you have a strange bulge on your torso that you suspect may be an abdominal hernia? Check out these symptoms of abdominal hernia so you'll know if you need medical attention or not.