Is lupus contagious? Don't worry-you can't catch this disease from a sneeze or a cough, but it is a mysterious medical ailment that continues to mystify medical experts. Lupus is an autoimmune disease described by its negative affect of chronic inflammation to various parts of the body both internally and externally.
Although symptoms of lupus appear in the forms of sores in the nose, mouth and vagina, lesions on the skin and scalp, circular scaly red patches, spots or bumps on legs, discolored skin, facial discoloration and hair loss, it can not be contracted through normal or sexual contact. It is not possible to catch the disease from someone, nor is it possible to give the disease to another person.
The exact cause of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common of the four forms of lupus, is unknown, although genetics and environment or a combination of the two may be involved.
The disease is not related to AIDS or HIV. Although the immune systems are affected in all three diseases, there is a significant difference. When lupus is the disease in question, it causes the immune system to be overactive; HIV or AIDS has the opposite effect, resulting in a less active immune system.
Lupus does not target one race, although several ethnic groups are more prone to developing lupus that strengthens the idea that genetics and family history may play a role in developing any of the four forms of lupus.
Lupus can occur in males and females of all ages but is more predominant in women in the childbearing age. One of the symptoms of lupus is an increased level of estrogen evident during pregnancy.
Exposure to sun and direct lighting can have an adverse effect on rashes, sores and lesions; preventive measures should be taken to avoid exposure to these elements.
People with lupus may not exhibit symptoms if the disease is in an inactive stage. Episodes or flares fluctuate with each individual and may last for short or long periods with periods of inactivity in-between. Extreme stress due to illness, injury or personal stressful situations such as a death can bring on the symptoms of lupus.
Certain prescription drugs can have an adverse effect and cause drug-induced lupus. See your doctor before making changes or discontinuing any prescribed medications.
What causes lupus? While medical experts continue to investigate this disease and possible causes, there are several things that may play roles.
The signs of lupus tend to vary from person to person, but there are universal red flags that could be reason for further examination.