It can be tough to interpret blood test abbreviations, but this glossary can help you figure out what your tests are for and what the abbreviations mean. The following abbreviations are used as names for common blood tests.
CBC: Complete Blood Count
This test is one of the most common blood tests. It measures your blood cell count as well as calculates weights and ratios of blood components as part of an effort to screen for health conditions such as anemia, infection, platelet problems, and disorders such as blood cancers and immunity problems. This test examines your red blood cells, your white blood cells, your platelets, your hemoglobin, your mean corpuscular volume and your hematocrit.
BMP: Basic Metabolic Panel
This is a series of tests that are done to measure several different chemicals present in the blood. The tests are conducted on your plasma, not the whole blood, and they measure things like glucose levels, electrolyte levels, calcium levels and other chemicals related to the kidneys.
CK: Creatine Kinase Tests
Creatine kinase is an enzyme your body produces when your heart is injured. This test will help your doctor figure out if you have had a heart attack.
LDL and HDL: Lipoprotein Panel Tests
LDL is bad cholesterol and HDL is good cholesterol. These tests measure how much good and bad cholesterol you have in your blood. The good cholesterol helps your blood to stay slippery; the bad cholesterol will clog your arteries.
CRP: C-Reactive Protein Test
C-reactive proteins can indicate a heart attack. The CRP test measures how much of this protein is in your blood, indicating inflammation of the heart muscle.
TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test
TSH blood tests are used to diagnose thyroid disorders, to check underactive thyroids in infants, measure the effectiveness of thyroid replacement efforts for people suffering hypothyroidism, monitor infertility therapy for women and to assist in evaluations of pituitary gland function.
AST: Asparate Aminotransferase
AST is an enzyme found in your bloodstream. It's normal to have low levels of AST in your blood, but your body responds to an injury of an organ or tissue by releasing more of this enzyme. Your doctor may perform this test as part of an attempt to determine if you have had an internal injury.
Lipid panel blood tests help physicians determine the levels of cholesterol in your bloodstream. Learn how these tests can give you the upper hand in preventing heart disease.
Need to learn how to read blood test results? Check out this list of common blood tests, interpretations of the abbreviations used and a general measurement range.