Causes of Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease is a very serious form of heart disease. This condition refers to the narrowing of the arteries leading to your heart. These arteries get narrow when plaque and fat builds up inside these tiny arteries, blocking or slowing the natural flow of blood to the heart muscle. This means your heart muscle is no longer getting as much blood and oxygen as it needs; if left untreated, this can result in a heart attack. There are many risk factors for to consider, several of which are preventable. Familiarize yourself with the causes of coronary heart disease listed below and try to implement the corresponding prevention measures.

Age
As you get older, you become more susceptible to developing coronary heart disease. Men are vulnerable earlier than women, but as women age, their risk level becomes equal to that of men.

Family history of heart disease
Heredity can help or hurt you when it comes to heart disease. If you have a family history of heart disease, you will need to be more vigilant in taking measures to prevent this condition.

Smoking or living with a smoker
moking is the number one predictor for coronary heart disease. If you do smoke, please quit; f you live with a smoker, place restrictions on the smoker so he or she does not smoke in the house. Even if you do not smoke yourself, a smoker in the household causes you and other family members to inhale second hand smoke.

High-fat/high-sugar diet
If you eat an unhealthy diet, you are more likely to become obese and to develop diabetes, both of which are predictors of heart disease. Try to eat a heart disease prevention diet consisting of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, and lean meats. Limit your use of fats to heart healthy fats such as olive oil and keep processed foods and sugars to a minimum.

Unhealthy weight
If your Body Mass Index falls into the obese category, you will need to take action to prevent developing heart disease. A combination of healthy diet, limited calorie intake, and daily exercise will help you keep your BMI in the healthy range.

Sedentary lifestyle
Those who do not exercise run a higher risk of developing heart disease. Take a daily walk or find a form of exercise you enjoy and make it a part of your daily routine. Your heart will thank you for it.

High blood pressure or high cholesterol
Follow your doctor's orders for managing these conditions. It's very important that you not let your blood pressure or cholesterol skyrocket. Either of these conditions can exacerbate a heart condition. 

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