Simple and Effective Chess Strategies

Learning basic chess strategies can help you raise the level of your game. Chess is a game of strategy. It is frequently used as a teaching tool to help people learn planning skills. 

The Flow Of A Chess Game
A chess game consists of three parts: the opening, the middle game and the endgame. Each of these parts can be won or lost, so it is important to be aware of the goals of each:

  • The opening. The opening is a time of preparation. In this stage, you'll be most concerned with moving your pawns to create movement lanes for your back row pieces. A strong opening frees the bishops and knights for action.

  • The middle game. The middle game is where combat heats up. Advantage is won or lost depending on your ability to seize and defend the middle squares of the board.

  • The endgame. During the endgame, there will be fewer pieces on the board and the pace of play will speed up. In a well-developed endgame, the king goes from defender to aggressor.

Controlling The Center
The four squares at the center of the chessboard occupy a crucial strategic location. There are two significant reasons for this. First, pieces in this area can reach more parts of the board than pieces at the sides or corners. Second, control of the center means that your pieces can travel quickly to your opponent's side of the board. Being able to quickly mount an attack can create a significant advantage.

The Value Of Chess Pieces
As you progress in a chess game, you'll be given numerous opportunities to attack your opponent's pieces. It is crucial that you understand the value of each piece so that you don't lose important pieces needlessly. Chess pieces are commonly valued as follows:

  • Pawn - The pawn is the cheapest piece, with a value of one. Pawns are slow and can only move in one direction. A pawn's value jumps, however, when it nears the opposite side of the board, where it can be exchanged for a more powerful piece.

  • Knights and bishops - These pieces share equal worth with a value of three. Bishops are fast, but can only cover half the squares of the board. Knights are slower than bishops, but can jump over other pieces, making them more maneuverable.

  • Rooks - Rooks are given a value of five. A rook can reach every square and moves quickly.

  • Queens - Queens have a value of nine. The queen can maneuver in any direction and move quickly.

Understanding the value of pieces will help you evaluate attacks and your willingness to sacrifice a piece in a given situation.

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