Learning how to hook rug is relatively easy to master. Rug hooking is one of the traditional crafts that can be environmentally friendly and leave you with a beautiful, useable piece of art.
Rug Hooking Supplies
In the past, different types of fabrics were used to hook rugs. Today, most people use strips of wool for rug hooking. You can recycle wool clothes that you no longer wear or look for wool clothes at your local thrift shops. You can also purchase new wool at fabric stores.
You will also need a frame. Frames come in different styles, such as lap frames, floor frames and hoops.
Backing is the material that will anchor your rug. Traditionally, burlap was used as backing. However, simple burlap is not designed to be extremely long lasting. Better choices include Angus burlap, Scottish burlap, monk's cloth and Scottish linen.
Hooks are the "needles" that you use when making hooked rugs. Hooks are available in different points, or sizes. The point that you choose depends in part on the style of rug hooking that you choose.
You will also need wool scissors or embroidery scissors. Both of these types of scissors have bent handles.
Rug Hooking Patterns
Rug hooking patterns are available in several different styles. Primitive is probably easiest for beginners. It involves simple designs without lot of detail. The wool strips used in primitive rugs are at least a quarter inch wide.
Another great beginner style is the abstract or geometric style. Designs can include triangles, squares, circles or other patterns. You can use one width of wool in a geometric design or vary the widths for a different effect.
The realistic style is much more detailed and complex than the primitive or geometric style. Wool strips used with this type of pattern are 3/23 to 1/8 inch wide.
The pictorial style is similar to the realistic style. The object is to create a detailed picture or a scene. Like the geometric style, you can choose a width of wool that you want or combine different widths.
Traditional Rug Hooking
You have your backing and pattern ready and stretched in your frame. Take your hook and pass it between two threads in the backing. You will be holding your strip of wool underneath the backing. Twist the wool a little and move your hook to pick up the strip. Go back up through the same hole, pull up until the fabric loop is about a quarter inch in height, and unhook it.
Move over two threads and pull your hook through the backing. Pick up your fabric again and pull it through the same hole to form another quarter inch loop.
Repeat this process until you are done. Trim any leftover fabric to quarter inch lengths to meet the size of your loops.
If this sounds a little intimidating to you, but you'd still like to give it a try, investigate rug hooking kits. A rug hooking kit will provide you with all of the basic supplies that you need to complete a project.
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