Types of Craps Games

There are six main types of craps games, although most people are most familiar with only two styles. The craps game found in most casinos around the world is called bank craps or Las Vegas craps. The other best-known type of crap game is New York craps. The main difference between the two is the amount of the house edge, or the advantage the casino has over the player.

Bank craps refers to any crap game in which players bet against the house (casino). This game has no special modifiers and the house pass-line edge is around 1.4 percent. The game begins with the shooter placing a pass-or-don't-pass bet, and then progressing to the shooting stage of rolling for a point or a 7. The point is the number the shooter initially rolls, as long as it is not a 2, 3, 7, 11 or 12. Bets can be placed on the odds of a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 appearing or not appearing before a seven is rolled.

Odds can be taken on the pass-or-don't-pass propositions, as can bets on doubles (called the "hard ways"). This repeats until a 7 is rolled. Come/Don't Come bets are basically making a second pass/don't pass line bet after a point has been established. Single-roll bets offer high payouts at high risk. Bets can be placed on 2, 3, 11, 12 or 7 appearing on the next throw only. Each of the above numbers excluding the 7 can be bet as a unit with a proposition known as the horn; or all 5 numbers known as the world.

Variations of bank craps are New York craps, crapless craps, die-rich craps, high-point craps and simplified craps. The main difference with New York craps is that the house has nearly a 5 percent edge rather than 1.4 percent. Crapless craps (bastard craps), which is popular online, has an even bigger house edge (up to 6.25 percent) and allows betting on 2, 3, 11, or 12 before a 7 is thrown. Die-rich craps, which uses only one die, is illegal in most countries; however, it is very popular as a privately hosted game.

High-point craps ignores initial rolls of 2 or 3 and rewards rolls of 11 or 12 as a win, In bank craps, only the 11 would be considered a win coming out and the other three totals would be losses and not paid out. Simplified craps pays out on rolls of 2, 3, 4, 10, 11 or 12 and sweeps rolls of 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 as losses. In simplified craps, the house holds an edge of 2.8%.

While there are other versions of craps games consisting of card-based variations and "schoolyard rules," Las Vegas and New York are are the main types of craps games a person is most likely to find when playing anywhere in the world.

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