Who invented calligraphy and why? Calligraphy is commonly known as the art of writing and involves detailed scripting of fonts. Though there is no one specific inventor, the evolution of calligraphy is a very interesting story.
The history of calligraphy can be traced all the way back to cave paintings. At this time, verbal communication was minimal and much more could be shown and described through visual representation.
The ancient Egyptians revolutionized cave paintings with their creation of hieroglyphics. Eventually, hieroglyphics became a beautiful and successful communication technique on everything from papyrus scrolls to the walls of tombs.
Though the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics are impressive, it was the Phoenicians who created the first alphabet and corresponding writing system. In their travels around the world, they brought their new invention with them. It is assumed that the Romans used the Phoenician alphabet and writing system as a beginning step to writing in Latin.
Monks of Middle Age Europe were faced with the daunting task of writing ancient texts into special books used only by royalty and a handful of church members. The monks used a narrow handwriting style known as Gothic in order to fit more words on each page, due to the fact that paper was very costly at the time.
The monks no longer had to handwrite religious scripts once the printing press was invented in the 1440s. However, handwriting was still necessary for letters and formal communication. This allowed the study of calligraphy to flourish. New innovations like copperplate engravings and fountain pens threatened calligraphers. The new pens made calligraphy more difficult and discouraged people from practicing it. However, British poet William Morris helped to bring calligraphy back to life in the 1800s when he reintroduced the art form, and the original flat pen, to the current society.
Over the years, this amazing art form has required talent, dedication and appreciation for the work. Even with the invention of the computer, calligraphy is still extremely popular today and is practiced all over the world.
The art of writing calligraphy letters requires precision. Even when the most intricate style is used, the height of each letter within a word, except for the beginning letter, is equal.
Calligraphy styles have developed since ancient and medieval times, when the task of writing fell to scribes who used writing as a tool to record events of the times.