Friday The 13th Superstitions And History

Friday the 13th superstitions are among the most pervasive of all bad-luck beliefs. On this day, many people believe bad things are bound to happen, and any luck is bad luck. Learning about the history and evolution of Friday the 13th may relieve people and allow them to face their phobia (known scientifically as "paraskevidekatriaphobia").

Why Friday?
Throughout history, humans have divided time into segments to be tracked and noted. The Western calendar in its modern form has its origins in ancient lunar calendars, with approximately 30 days. These days were divided into 7-day blocks with named days. The Gregorian calendar (used in the Western world today) became official in 1582 AD. With Sunday being the Sabbath and the holy day for Christians, Friday began to develop a bad reputation. Since Jesus Christ was crucified on Good Friday, Friday was traditionally feared as a day of doom. Christian tradition also linked Friday with pagan festivals and celebrations. As the unlucky association with Friday continued, many people refused to do certain tasks on this day-European ships avoided launching on Fridays, and public hangings in Great Britain were held on Fridays.

Why 13?
Numerology has strong pagan and Christian traditions as well. In early pagan rituals, 13 was a powerful feminine number, linked to the lunar calendar and the female menstrual cycle. Christians also vilified the number 13 as the number of people who attended the Last Supper. The number 13 kept its unlucky reputation as people linked coincidental catastrophes to it. However, the number is not universally considered unlucky-ancient Egyptians thought it was particularly lucky.

Friday The 13th
As the unlucky Friday merged with the 13th day of the month, people in the Middle Ages and beyond took measures to avoid any auspicious actions on that day, such as plan weddings, conduct important business or even start a journey. Many disasters that took place on Friday the 13th were blamed on the unlucky superstitious beliefs of that day. Today, many people in the Western world still hesitate to invite bad luck on Friday the 13th by avoiding driving, eating out or hosting a party.

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