Frank Lloyd Wright houses come in many varieties. Some were designed for the wealthy, and others were built for those of smaller means. Whatever the structure, Wright strived to incorporate the building into the natural landscape so that the landscape and the building would become one. Wright's architecture continues to be influential today.
Frank Lloyd Wright House Styles
Frank Lloyd Wright developed the Prairie style during the early 20th century. Prairie style homes were typified by low, horizontal lines and a lack of ornamentation. The houses incorporated natural geometric patterns to attract the eye. The eves of low pitched roofs would extend down, almost as if they were reaching for the ground. The fireplace was usually at the center of the home, which had as much open space as possible. The Robie House, built in Chicago in 1909, is a Prairie house at its best.
The Millard House, built in 1923 in Los Angeles, is an example of a Frank Lloyd Wright innovation, the textile block system. Wright thought that pre-casting cement in molds might save construction money. The molds included patterns so that the blocks would be decorated on two sides. The blocks also included bars to add strength. Some of the blocks integrated glass into their design to admit light into the house.
Frank Lloyd Wright was not only an architect, he was a social thinker. The Usonian house was his response to the desire to build housing for the middle class. Usonian houses were one story with a carport, as Wright took into account that fact that more and more people owned automobiles. In the middle of the house was the service core, as Wright called the kitchen and bath areas. The service core would separate the private bedroom areas from the communal living areas. An example of the Usonian house is the Rosenbaum House, built in 1939 in Florence, Alabama.
Colonial houses vary from region to region, but they share many characteristics in common.
The ranch house features a simple layout and the promise of suburban bliss.