Reducing Land Pollution

Land pollution is the contamination and exploitation of the Earth's surface, and it can result in the misuse of inorganic materials, waste of resources and degradation of useable land. The accumulation of waste and improper disposal of it can affect the health and safety of nearby human and animal populations. If enough people participate, we can reduce three elements of land pollution-trash in landfills, litter and industrial pollution.

Trash In Landfills
Enough trash is thrown away every day to fill more than 63,000 garbage trucks, and statistics show that around 80 percent of what goes into a landfill can actually be recycled. The concept of reduce, reuse and recycle can eliminate significant amounts of trash that go into the world's landfills. If enough people would start preventing pollution by participating in recycling programs for paper, plastic and metal, the impact would be tremendous. Other ways to reduce land pollution are to purchase biodegradable products, reuse old items creatively and purchase only products with minimal packaging.

Decrease Litter
Not only does litter make our public areas unsightly and dangerous, but it's also a tremendous drain on public funds for cleanup. From littered creeks and streams to garbage along the roadside, litter is a pollution problem with a few simple solutions. Do whatever it takes to increase the public's awareness of litter. Promote good examples, and ensure that public areas have plenty of trash cans. Organizing roadside cleanup volunteer groups can help keep litter under control-a litter-free area is less likely to attract more litter.

Industrial Waste
When factories produce goods, an inevitable byproduct is pollution. Pollution not only affects the water supply, but also the air supply and the ground surrounding the area. Hazardous petrochemicals, construction debris and heavy metals are usually the results of industrial pollution. Ways to help companies reduce industrial land pollution include supporting those organizations that are actively seeking to reduce waste and voting for laws that restrict or heavily punish companies that are not in compliance with environmental regulations. Companies must have incentive, either positive or negative, to pay attention to the land pollution they are creating.

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