Moles are underground rodents that burrow holes in the ground. They have a long cylindrical-shaped body that is covered in fur, as well as small eyes and ears that cannot be seen. On average, they live for four years.
Moles eat small insects that live underground, such as earthworms and ants. Unlike gophers, moles do not eat plants. They eat bugs and worms that live in grass and flower beds.
How moles kill lawns
Because of the deep tunnels and the dirt that moles push up onto the grass, they can quickly cause a lot of damage to a lawn. Their tunnels go back and forth under a lawn so they can hunt for food. When the dirt is pushed up, the grass roots are left suspended in the air and therefore are unable to get moisture. As a result, the roots dry up and die.
Interesting facts about moles
There are actually seven types of moles that live within the United States. The most common varieties are the eastern and star-nosed moles. They are easy to detect because of the trenches and dug-up soil that they leave behind.
Moles are active day and night throughout the year. Most rodents do not hibernate. A few of them slow down during the winter months, but they remain awake enough to eat.
Although most people consider moles a disadvantage because they destroy golf courses, gardens, cemeteries, and lawns, they are beneficial in the sense that they eat harmful insects, too. The biggest disadvantage to moles is that they kill the grass and plants with their tunneling. It removes the dirt from around the roots, allowing them to dry out and die.
Moles are silvery gray to gray in color. They are small rodents that only weigh three to six ounces. Five to eight inches in length, they have a tail that is one inch long. These rodents reach maturity in just six to twelve months. Their gestational period is five to six weeks long, and they generally give birth to two to five babies at a time.
Finely sifted dirt around the burrow
Interestingly, the dirt around the burrow of a mole is finely sifted. The reason for this is that moles' webbed feet tend to break up the soil as they dig through it to find insects to eat. Despite a belief that moles chew dirt, this is not the case.
There are three ways to control the spread of moles: traps, repellents, and poisoned bait. Traps are the most effective and reliable method of control. Trapping is easy to do and can be done any time of the year. It is especially important to trap the moles in the early spring before they can reproduce.