Wood is a popular choice for outdoor structures around the yard and landscape. Wood is cheap, readily available and easy to work with. Ironically, once wood is cut from the tree, it needs to be protected from the elements of nature.
Exterior wood stain is used to protect wood from the damaging effects of the sun and rain. Applied to dry wood, exterior wood stain comes in a number of varieties that coat wood and preserve its natural beauty.
Bond, Wood Bond.
The two basic types of exterior wood stain are defined by how they bond to wood.
Film-forming exterior wood stain forms a protective layer over the surface of wood. These stains are durable and can create a high-gloss finish that will still allow the grain of the wood to show through. Film-forming exterior wood stain can be expensive, however, and will have to be stripped from the wood if re-staining is required.
Penetrating exterior wood stain seeps into the pores of the wood, extending protection beyond the surface. Penetrating exterior wood stain can be combined with pigment and preservatives to provide ultraviolet and mildew protection. Penetrating stains aren't available in glossy finishes.
Choose Oil Or Water: They Don't Mix
Exterior wood stains have different methods of adhering to wood.
Water-based stains are made up of tiny particles of pigment and resin that bond tightly to each other as the stain dries. Water-based exterior wood stains are easy to use and clean up, but often need more coats to provide the same level of protection as oil-based products.
Oil-based stains chemically fuse their particles to form a sheet-like coating that creates a harder finish that is less prone to yellowing. Oil-based exterior wood stain is generally more expensive, but provides a stronger, longer lasting finish.
Pick Your Transparency Level
Exterior wood stains come in a variety of transparency levels, from clear to solid colors:
When you want to stain wood, you will have to decide between using liquid or gel stains. There are a few advantages and disadvantages of using the gel variety. This article will discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of using gel stains. Advantages: One of the first advantages of using gel stains is their consistency.
Refinishing furniture is a great way to save money, preserve the past and be good to the environment. Buying a secondhand piece and then refinishing the furniture can save you hundreds or even thousands of dollars. If you've inherited older furniture, refinishing could turn an eyesore into a showpiece. It can have environmental benefits, too, saving landfill space and reducing the demand for hardwood.
Learn how to remove stain from wood before adding a new coat to your finished wood. Unlike paint, you can't simply add new stain to an existing coat.