Wood stains come in many forms. Selecting the proper type of wood stain is a matter of matching the features of each type to your project.
Film-forming Vs. Penetrating
There are two ways that wood stains bond to wood, film-forming stains and penetrating stains.
Film-forming wood stain forms a protective layer over the surface of wood. These wood stains create a strong, high-gloss finish. Unfortunately, it can be expensive and will have to be stripped from the wood if re-staining is required.
Penetrating wood stain seeps into the pores of the wood, extending protection beyond the surface. Penetrating wood stains make great exterior wood stains, combining color with ultraviolet and mildew protection.
Oil or Water?
Wood stains are based on two types of material: oil and water.
Water-based wood stains are made up of tiny particles of pigment and resin that bond tightly to each other as the water evaporates. Water-based wood stains are easy to use and clean up and don't leave strong odors.
Oil-based wood stains chemically fuse their particles to form a sheet-like coating that creates a hard finish. Oil-based wood stain is easy to work with, and its long drying time is very forgiving of mistakes.
Bringing Color to Wood
Wood stains use two methods to add color: pigment and dye.
Pigment-based wood stains combine tiny particles of color with binders that hold the finish together. Pigment based wood stains can create striking color effects but will hide the grain of the wood.
Dye-based wood stains use semi-transparent materials to enhance the color of wood. Dye-based wood stains are perfect if you're trying to showcase the grain of the wood in your project.
Wood Stains For Indoors Or Out
Wood stains can be formulated for interior or exterior use.
Interior wood stains typically need a clear, protective coat applied after the stain has dried. Exterior wood stains, on the other hand, have protective additives that don't require additional coats or materials.
When you want to stain wood, you will have to decide between using liquid or gel stains. There are a few advantages and disadvantages of using the gel variety. This article will discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of using gel stains. Advantages: One of the first advantages of using gel stains is their consistency.
Refinishing furniture is a great way to save money, preserve the past and be good to the environment. Buying a secondhand piece and then refinishing the furniture can save you hundreds or even thousands of dollars. If you've inherited older furniture, refinishing could turn an eyesore into a showpiece. It can have environmental benefits, too, saving landfill space and reducing the demand for hardwood.
Learn how to remove stain from wood before adding a new coat to your finished wood. Unlike paint, you can't simply add new stain to an existing coat.