Guide to Echeveria Varieties

Echeveria, which is commonly known as Hens and Chickens, is a rosette-forming succulent native to North and South America. Including hybrids, there are several hundred named species of Echeverias.

Growing Echeveria
All species of echeveria require excellent drainage. Many are tolerant of colder temperatures up to zone 8. They are a rather low-maintenance plant. Members of the Echeveria family make an excellent addition to the garden and are prized for their color combinations in both the flowers and the foliage.

All varieties have waxy leaves and produce bell-shaped flowers. The flowers come in shades of yellow, white, orange and pink. Some Echeverias hybrids have crested, frilly leaves reminiscent of old cabbage roses.

Echeveria plants prefer half-day sun, and all varieties require supplemental watering during the growing season. It is advisable to compost the plants and apply a 15-30-15 fertilizer during the growing season.

Echeverias are not only for the garden; they make excellent potted plants. They overwinter indoors and can be placed outdoors during the summer months. This makes it easy to bring a bit of color into the garden. 

Echeveria Varieties

  • Echeveria elegans has silvery-blue translucent leaves and pink bell-shaped flowers in early spring. It is one of the most beautiful and easiest Echeverias to grow.
  • Echeveria "Perle von Nurnberg" is a hybrid of Echeveria gibbiflora and Echeveria potosina. It has leaves the color of opals.
  • Echeveria "Black Prince" has maroon-brown leaves, but if exposed to abundant sunlight, the leaves deepen in color, becoming almost black in appearance.
  • Echeveria crenulata is one of the largest and most spectacular varieties. The leaves are frilly and felted. It has fire-engine red leaves and flowers. This variety is very susceptible to frost damage, so it will need to be grown indoors in northern climates.
  • Echeveria x "Curly Locks" forms a tight rosette of frilly blue leaves edged in pink.
  • Echeveria x "Set-Oliver" is another hybrid, a semi-shrubby plant with bright green leaves edged in maroon. Flowers are a scarlet red, tipped in apricot yellow.


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