How to Grow Strawberries from Seed

Once you grow strawberries from seed in your garden, you'll have fresh, juicy fruit to enjoy and share with your friends. Strawberries are a great source of complex carbohydrates and vitamin C. Although strawberries don't store well at room temperature, they can be frozen for later use.

Grow Strawberries From Seed Successfully

Although hybrid strawberry plants won't grow true from seed, several varieties will do well when grown from seeds. Fresca strawberries will produce large-sized fruit with crops in early summer and early fall. Alpine strawberries produce smaller fruit all summer and come in red and yellow/white varieties. Here's how to successfully grow strawberries from seed:

  • That's cold! In order to jump-start your strawberry seeds, place them in an airtight container and place the container in the freezer for two to four weeks. This period will simulate the wintering the seeds would experience in nature. On planting day, allow the seeds several hours to come to room temperature before planting.
  • Thin and rich. Strawberry seeds should be started in a shallow tray with about an inch of growing medium. You'll have good success with a growing medium made from mixing peat moss and soil rich in organic material at a 3:1 ratio. Spread the seeds out on the surface of the soil and then cover with an additional ¼ of soil. Water the seeds in and place the tray where it will get plenty of sunlight.
  • Wait for a third. Your strawberry seeds will take two to three weeks to germinate. Continue growing new plants in the starter tray until they develop three "true" leaves. Once your strawberry plants have reached this milestone, they can be transferred to small, individual containers. When all danger of frost has passed, your seedlings can be transferred out into the garden.
  • A pinch to grow on. Strawberry plants don't begin full production until their second summer. During the first year, pinch off all blooms from your plants before they have a chance to fruit so that the plant can use all of its energy to grow a strong root system.
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