How to Grow Romaine Lettuce

If you want to learn how to grow romaine lettuce in your garden, you must first learn a few necessary steps for proper soil preparation and plant care that will produce full, healthy lettuce for salads. Follow the suggested steps for how to grow romaine lettuce in your backyard garden, whether you are planting a large garden area or a small vegetable bed.

Growing Romaine Lettuce
Romaine lettuce is a good choice for spring gardens while the temperatures are mild and the harsh temperatures of summer are not in affect.
Steps to follow:

  • Plant seeds in a cultivated mound using well-fertilized soil in an area out of continuous direct sunlight.
  • Romaine grows in multiple soil types easily adjusted to accommodate the needs of the plant.
  • Plants require adequate water. Plant the seeds or seedlings in soil with good drainage that allows the soil to stay moist. Use mulch to help retain moisture in the soil. Do not over water and do allow the soil to become or remain soggy.
  • Lettuce grows well in cooler temperatures. Plant seeds or transplant seedlings in the spring and provide partial shade to protect plants that produce in the summer months from direct sunlight.
  • Place seeds or seedlings at least one-half inch deep in fertilized soil. Cover with soil and lightly water.
  • As seedlings appear and as transplants grow, it is necessary to thin the plants to prevent crowding. Plants should be six to eight inches apart allowing ample room for circulation. Use thinned plants in salads or transplant seedlings to create an additional growing area.
  • As one set of seedlings mature, sow a second batch of seeds to start additional plants for harvesting throughout the summer and fall months.
  • Remove weeds as necessary.
  • Harvest the lettuce by snipping the new outer layer of leaves. Harvest the whole plant by cutting to ground level or digging up the plant.
  • Several issues including aphids, discoloration of leaves due to the amount of moisture the plant receives and plant rot due to over saturation affect plants.
  • Harvested lettuce can be refrigerated and stored for several days.
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