Branches of Agriculture

The term agriculture is used to describe the cultivation of plants, animals, fungi and additional types of life for fiber, food and any other products that assist with sustaining life. Agriculture is typically divided by the type of life form that is harvested or produced or it is divided by industry. Within industry, it is broken down into aquafarming and farming.

Type of Life Form Harvested or Produced

  • Agronomy. Technology and science behind the production and use of plants for fuel, food, fiber, feed and restoration. Agronomy includes the practice of organic gardening, which is the science and art of growing vegetables, fruits, flowers, and decorative plants through organic agriculture practices for pest management, soil building and conserving and inheritance variety preservation.
  • Animal husbandry. The agricultural technique of breeding and raising livestock.

Industries

As previously stated, there are two types of agricultural industries: aquafarming and farming.

Aquafarming

  • Aquaculture. The farming practice for aquatic beings such as fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants.
  • Mariculture. Concentrated aquaculture branch for marine organism development for food and additional items within the open ocean, an enclosed portion of the ocean or within smaller seawater bodies such as ponds, tanks and raceways.

Farming

  • Alligator farming. Crocodile species are bred and raised for leather, meat and additional goods production.
  • Aquaculture. As previously described, aquaculture is the practice of farming aquatic beings. This includes organisms such as fish, molluscs, aquatic plants and crustaceans.
  • Contract farming. A buyer will work out an agreement with a farmer or multiple farmers for agricultural production.
  • Dairy farming. Dairy farming is an animal husbandry or agricultural business for extended milk production. Typically it refers to dairy cows but can also include sheep and coats. Dairy components can be processed on-site or they can be moved to a dairy factory after production for processing as well as retail sale.
  • Integrated farming. This farming practice refers to agricultural systems that mix crop and livestock production instead of using a monoculture technique. This practice is sometimes referred to as integrated biosystems.
  • Orchardry. Orchardry is the practice of managing orchards as well as planting shrubs and trees with the intention of using them for food production. Orchards can include both fruit and nut-producing trees with products that will be used for commercial purposes.
  • Organic farming. Organic farming is centered around green manure, crop rotation and biological and compost pest management methods.
  • Pig farming. Pig farming includes traditional pig farming methods with free range areas as well as intensive farming techniques.
  • Poultry farming. Poultry farming is the practice of breeding and raising domesticated birds including chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese in order to farm the meat or eggs for food.
  • Sericulture. Sericulture is the term used for silk farming in which silkworms are raised for raw silk production.
  • Sheep husbandry. Sheep husbandry deals specifically with breeding and raising domestic varieties of sheep. Sheep farmers primarily raise lambs for meat and sheep for wool. Additionally, some sheep are raised for milk or with the intent of selling the animals to other farmers.
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