Communism is a socialist movement that has seen a great deal of popularity in the East and has caused much anxiety in the West. Communism was considered a major threat to democracy throughout much of the 20th century. The concept of community is much different in Communism. Communications between Western and Communist countries was tense, which made it near impossible for Western nations determine if the concept of Communism was really all bad or made to appear so under the shadow of war.
Pros of Communism
The ideal of Communism is actually quite beautiful, but very different from democracy and capitalism. No one is better fed or wealthier than anyone else is. Every individual in a Communist community is ideally equal on all matters political and social, at least to the extent that can be controlled. People receive what they need, as they need it. Everyone works to his or her ability, and everyone eats, as long as the society is successful. This ideal is one of the pros of Communism.
Communism, if employed correctly in the manner by which Communist scholars suggest, eliminates class warfare. The rich and the poor no longer have to fight for the policies that best suit them. All struggle and persevere at the same level.
According to the "Communist Manifesto" by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, one of the steps to creating a proper Communist nation is to ensure that all children have access to free schools. This is something that these men's ideals have in common with the ideals of many Western nations. Another step was to eliminate child labor.
Cons of Communism
Unfortunately, Communism rarely works in practice and often not to the idealistic degree suggested by early political philosophers that were proponents of Communism. While Communism still exists, it has seen many failures over the past century. These failures were often at the cost of the people carrying the nations.
Poverty often becomes the bane of Communist societies. Instead of making everyone equally profitable, it has a tendency to make the poor exceedingly poor and the rulers exceedingly greedy. One example is Soviet Russia, where citizens were sent to labor camps and Ukrainians starved, while stores of food guarded by soldiers were kept rotting nearby.
There is no inheritance in Marxist Communism. That means you cannot leave anything to your children, even if you have anything, which you probably do not in a Communist community. It is all well and good to be equal, but it is to the point where no one has personal property, and you will have nothing by which to remember your relatives.
Because Communism shifts the attention to producing enough to support the country via agriculture and trade, it takes the focus off things like music and art. There is also little reason to create such things if you cannot make a living making music or if you cannot own paintings. Anything an artist creates would then become property of the state. Of course, that is only if the state allows such frivolity.