To make a guinea pig cage, you need to start with a careful choice of materials. Guinea pigs chew on wood, so the cage needs to be wire or glass. You can use plastic, but do not be surprised if the guinea pig starts to chew the plastic apart after some time. The best bet for guinea pig hutches and cages is wood for the frame and chicken wire with no more than ½-inch spacing.
Framing the Cage
Determine the size of the cage you want to build. At a minimum, the cage should be three feet wide by two feet deep, so your pig has enough room to move around.
You will need to purchase enough 2" x 2" boards for the frame. To make the fame, screw the boards together into a square. Use three screws at each joint for support.
Adding Chicken Wire
To fit the chicken wire, measure the frame from the outside edge of the boards. Add one inch to each end of the measurement, so that you have enough to wrap around the outside of the boards. Cut the chicken wire to the measurements.
Using a heavy-duty stapler, staple the chicken wire to the frame pieces. Fold the wire over the each side of the frame, so the wood is completely covered on one and a half sides.
Fit the pieces of the frames together to form a box. The chicken wire should be on the inside. This prevents the guinea pig from getting at the wood to chew it. Screw three of the sides together. Measure the top of the box. Cut two pieces of chicken wire to the same length, one piece for the top and one for the bottom. Staple the chicken wire to the top and bottom.
Put hinges and a latch on the sides of the last frame piece. Screw the other side of the hinges to the three-sided box. You should have a sturdy cage.
Add guinea pig bedding and things for the pig to play with and hide in. Since the door of the cage is large, anything you purchase should fit inside. Set the cage above a plastic tray to catch droppings.
Bathing guinea pigs every few months will help to keep their coats and skin healthy. Learn what to use and how to make the process comfortable for your pig.
A nutritious guinea pig diet begins with plenty of fresh water, hay and food pellets. From there, you'll need to choose fruits and vegetables carefully and make sure your pig gets plenty of Vitamin C.