Where Do Salamanders Live

Where do salamanders live? It's a good idea to know their natural surroundings if you find one you want to keep, or if you're buying one as a pet. Pet stores may have salamanders from different parts of the world, and you'll need to know their temperature, water and moisture requirements to help them thrive.

Salamander Territory
Salamanders live in various areas, depending on the species. They can be found on every continent, and while most species prefer warm enviornments, they can live in the temperate areas as far north as Canada. Northern salamanders usually bed down in some soft mud during the winter, but they won't do this if you keep them as pets.

Some salamanders are nocturnal, active only at night. If you have a nocturnal salamander as a pet, you need to provide a covered area for it to hide during the day, or keep the cage covered during the day. Too much light may be harmful to a nocturnal salamander.

Water in the Salamander Habitat
Salamanders need to live near water because they lay their eggs in water. Once the eggs hatch, the babies breathe with gills, just like a fish. They develop lungs, unless the salamander is a lungless salamander, so they can go on land, but some will still stay in the water most of the time. When you're creating a salamander habitat, you'll want to have an area with a few inches of water so that the salamander stays healthy. Salamanders don't drink water, they absorb it through their skin. They will die if their skin dries out.

The most common areas for salamanders are areas that are forested and moist. They like to hide in shallow holes, under leaves and fallen logs and under other things on the forest floor. Tropical salamanders live in bushes and trees. Aquatic salamanders live their entire lives in the water and can usually be found at the edges of streams and brooks. 

When purchasing a salamander as a pet, make sure you know what species you are purchasing and find out if there are any special requirements. Special requirements may be a shady place to hide, a tank of water with rocks for an aquatic salamander, or a tank that has both water and sand and vegetation. Depending on the species, you may also need to control the heat and humidity in the habitat to keep the salamander alive.

If you have a pet salamander that normally lives in trees and bushes, you need to provide a cage large enough to have at least a shrub. The closer you can mimic a salamander's habitat, the happier and healthier the salamander will be, and it will live longer. 

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