Human artificial insemination is one of the options available to couples who are having trouble conceiving. This procedure can be successful with certain types of infertility and it's minimally invasive for the woman.
Before deciding on artificial insemination, you and your partner should undergo testing to find out why you are having difficulty conceiving. Some of the tests for women might include:
Tests for men include
Artificial insemination is an option when
Artificial insemination tends to be most successful in cases of a low sperm count or reduced sperm motility. When infertility can't be explained, it's difficult to determine whether the procedure will be successful, something to consider before beginning treatments.
Artificial insemination using donor sperm is an option if the man does not produce enough sperm, if the man has a genetic disorder that the couple does not want to risk passing on to the next generation or if a woman is looking to become pregnant without a partner.
Artificial Insemination Procedures
If the woman is going to use her partner's sperm for artificial insemination, both partners need to take steps for artificial insemination to be successful.
Women will probably need to take a fertility drug at the start of each menstrual cycle to release more than one egg during ovulation. This increases the chance of pregnancy, but it can also increase the chance of a multiple birth.
Women may need ultrasounds or home ovulation detectors to determine the precise moment of ovulation. Drugs to assist ovulation may also be prescribed.
Men will have to provide sperm at a specific time. Before insemination, the sperm will go through a washing process, which uses a centrifuge to remove sperm that are not mobile enough, particles that could inhibit fertilization and additional seminal fluids. This process leaves the healthiest and most mobile sperm for artificial insemination. The sperm used during artificial insemination will be at a higher concentration, making conception more likely.
Your physician will then inject the sperm through the cervix into the uterus in a procedure that generally takes about an hour or less. It can take three to six cycles of artificial insemination before the woman becomes pregnant. Conception rates are partly dependent on age, the natural fertility of the woman and whether fertility drugs are used.
Advantages and Disadvantages
The advantages of using artificial insemination using a partner's sperm include
Using Donor Sperm
If you are planning on using a donor, make sure that the clinic you choose has not only general information about the donor's appearance, but medical and genetic information as well. Keep in mind that you will not have any information about the donor's personality or temperament. Using donor sperm will also add to your overall costs.
While anonymously donated sperm can help single mothers and infertile women to conceive, there are long-term health and psychological risks to the child that you must consider.
Being pregnant is a dream come true for many women and yet it is only a dream for some women. Infertility..... has led many women to depression. Infertility in women and men has been increasing over the recent years.