Many think of artificial insemination as a modern-day technology, but the first successful human artificial insemination in the 1950s was predated by centuries of scientific study and experimentation.
Artificial insemination, the process by which sperm is planted in the female reproductive tract to artificially impregnate the female, began in the lab and was first tested on animals. Modern techniques used in human artificial insemination were first used on cattle by dairy farmers wishing to improve milk production by impregnating cows with the sperm of bulls with preferable genetic traits.
Unofficial history claims that crude attempts to artificially inseminate Juana, the wife of King Henry IV of Castile in the 1400s, was an early endeavor to artificially impregnate an infertile couple.
Milestones in the History of Human Artificial Insemination
Human Artificial Insemination Today
As the end of the 20th century neared, controversy and concern over artificial insemination in humans faded and the demand for donor sperm increased.
By 1987, US doctors were performing artificial insemination on about 172,000 women per year, resulting in some 65,000 births.
Legal issues, particularly in artificial insemination cases with donor sperm, have raised debate over the parental rights of sperm donors, privacy rights and the ethics in sperm donor banks for artificial insemination.
Some European countries have regulations that deem artificial insemination babies as legitimate offspring of the mother's husband; other countries have not addressed the issue in the law.
While anonymously donated sperm can help single mothers and infertile women to conceive, there are long-term health and psychological risks to the child that you must consider.
Being pregnant is a dream come true for many women and yet it is only a dream for some women. Infertility..... has led many women to depression. Infertility in women and men has been increasing over the recent years.