Miscarriages are never pleasant. One miscarriage is incredibly difficult for a mother; repeat miscarriages can be devastating. Many women who have suffered one miscarriage go on to fear in subsequent pregnancies that they are more likely to have another miscarriage.
Though miscarriage prevention is somewhat possible with focused prenatal care, between 15% and 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage due to circumstances out of the mother's control. Because of this, most doctors believe that one miscarriage does not make a woman more likely to suffer multiple miscarriages. In fact, the majority of women who experience one miscarriage go on to have a perfectly normal pregnancy the next time they become pregnant. If a woman has two or more miscarriages however, there is most likely an underlying problem that is causing the loss of pregnancy. It is then that the doctor will investigate to find out the cause of these multiple miscarriages.
Unfortunately repeat miscarriages do happen. Women who are over the age of 35 are more likely than younger women to suffer a miscarriage. If you lost a baby late in a previous pregnancy, you are more likely to lose subsequent pregnancies. This risk isn't huge; women who have had a miscarriage have a 25% chance of having another, compared with the 15% to 20% average risk for all women.
Hormone problems, such as thyroid and adrenal gland disorders, put a woman at a higher risk for miscarriage, as do infections such as herpes, Chlamydia and rubella. These infections can be treated, and any symptoms that arise during pregnancy should be reported to your doctor immediately.
Problems with your reproductive system, such as a misshapen uterus or a weak cervix that dialates without labor signs, also more likely to cause repeat miscarriages. A healthy pregnancy is not impossible with these conditions if you get good prenatal care. In some cases, surgery may be needed to correct the problem so that you can carry a baby to term.
Many miscarriages are due to chromosomal abnormalities that prevent a fetus from developing properly. This is a standard risk in any pregnancy, occurring when the fertilized egg does not have enough chromosomes for proper development.
There are steps you can take to prevent a miscarriage. These begin with being as healthy as possible; watch your diet, drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol, cigarettes and drugs. Prenatal vitamins can help fill in nutritional gaps in your diet, but don't rely on them solely for vitamins and minerals. Don't participate in sports or activities that can cause trauma to your abdomen, and avoid workouts that raise your body temperature. You should also avoid regular exposure to chemicals and toxins, which may harm your unborn child.
Cures for bacterial vaginosis can be tricky if you are pregnant. You can try prescription treatments or home remedies, but keep your doctor up to date on your condition.
Bleeding during pregnancy can be scary, but it might also be normal, as your body is undergoing so many changes. Knowing more about the symptoms can help you provide more information to your doctor.