Ecstasy is the street name for the drug MDMA. MDMA is also sometimes known as E or X. It has a tendency to be a party drug and is strongly connected with rave culture. It is also thought of as a social drug, as it increases social tendencies and decreases inhibitions by a very great deal. Because of its effects and the negative feelings you experience when coming off the drug, ecstasy has a risk of abuse and dependency.
Ecstasy sensations and symptoms
The name ecstasy gives a strong hint as to what taking the drug is like. It creates a strong sense of euphoria, lowered inhibitions, feelings of invincibility and other seemingly positive perceptions. This can lead to casual sex, use of other drugs and feelings of sadness when the drug dissipates.
The effects of ecstasy last several hours. Users will experience different symptoms of varying strength throughout their trip or high, but they are usually not fully sober until six or more hours later. This can depend on several factors, most important being the strength and amount of the drug taken.
Along with a mood lift, ecstasy users feel close to others, mellow, easily aroused, energetic, motivated and confident. These all sound like positive symptoms and they are. Most of the symptoms of ecstasy use are positive until it is time to cease use.
Symptoms of coming down off ecstasy include depression, anxiety, fatigue, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea and paranoia. Sometimes, it takes several days for these effects to kick in. That is where the term 'Suicide Tuesday' comes from. Users who take the drug over the weekend typically feel depressed the following Tuesday.
Ecstasy overdose, abuse and addiction
Overdose on ecstasy is potentially fatal. That is not only because illicit drug producers often put in dangerous additives, but also because it can produce hypertensive crisis and serotonin syndrome. Overdose can also produce dangerous psychotic behavioral problems. Some overdose reactions only last as long as the drug remains in a user's system. Others, like cognitive impairment, may be permanent, though more research is required.
Whether ecstasy is physically addictive is still debated, as of 2012. However, it is almost certainly psychologically addictive, thanks to the positive effects of taking it and the short-term negative effects of cessation. Those who use the drug habitually may have increased risk of depression and anxiety. They may also have dental wear from clenching and grinding their teeth while using the drug.
Many people who use ecstasy will do so and have no problem ceasing use and avoiding abuse of the drug. Others will use ecstasy frequently and in increasingly higher doses. There are some claims that abuse impairs memory, but there are conflicting studies in this regard.