Dictionary of Figure Skating Jumps

The list of figure skating jumps is extensive, but there are a few basics that are the basis for other figure skating tricks.
Whether you're interested in ice skating as a sport to participate in, or you just want to be knowledgeable the next time the Olympics are on, being familiar with figure skating jumps is a good place to start.

To understand the difference between similar-sounding jumps, it's important to understand the role that revolutions play. A jump with one revolution is known as a single jump. Two revolutions is a double, three a triple, and four a quadruple.

Salchow Jump
This is an edge jump, meaning the skater uses just one foot to take off on. In the salchow jump, the skater takes off from the inside edge of one skate, does a half revolution in the air, and lands on her opposite skate on the outside edge.

Axel Jump
Like the salchow jump, the axel jump is an edge jump. To do this the ice skater takes off on the front outside edge of one skate and lands on the back outside edge of the other skate. This jump is landed backwards.

Toe Loop Jump
As the name suggests, this is a toe jump, meaning the skater uses both skates to take off; one foot propels himself off the ice. To perform a toe loop jump, the skater glides backwards, takes off on the outside edge of one ice skate, does a half revolution, and lands on the back outside edge of the same skate.

Flip Jump
This is also a toe jump where the ice skater glides backwards then takes off on the back inside edge of one skate, does a revolution in the air, and lands on the back outside edge of the other skate.

Lutz Jump
Another toe jump, the lutz jump involves the ice skater taking off from her back outside edge of one skate and landing on the back outside edge of her other skate. The skater begins the lutz jump by skating backwards.

Waltz Jump
This is an edge jump that starts on the front outside edge of one skate and ends on the back outside edge of the other skate. A half revolution is done in the air.

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