Many people wonder "who invented the first Apple computer?" Considering the current popularity of Apple's computers and the groundbreaking products they put out, you may be surprised to learn about the humble beginnings from which Apple came.
The founding fathers of Apple Inc. are Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne, who began their business in 1976. The least familiar of those names is probably Wayne because he sold his share of the company back to Jobs and Wozniak for $800 about a year after it was founded, but Wayne is still known as the member of the team who designed Apple's legendary rainbow-apple logo.
Wozniak was the engineering mastermind who designed Apple's computers. They were noteworthy because they came with color graphics, and their operating system utilized a single circuit board. When they went on sale in July 1976, they were intended to be bought as kits that users assembled themselves. Instead Wozniak ended up building them by hand. This labor-intensive process resulted in a $666.66 price tag for the Apple I, the first model. Adjusted for inflation that is roughly two and a half times what a standard Apple laptop sells for today. When the Apple II came out, it featured several programs, like the spreadsheet program VisiCalc, which made it friendlier to less experienced computer users.
Later Apple Computers
In the following years Apple produced many successors to the Apple I and Apple II, including the Lisa, which, thanks to an exorbitant price and limited features, failed to make a big splash in the market. However, Lisa was still important in that the model offered a graphical user interface (GUI). Finally in 1984 the Macintosh was released and cemented Apple as a major player in the market for years to come, but Apple began to suffer financial troubles, and Jobs resigned from Apple in 1985.
Apple released the first Macintosh laptop, dubbed the "Macintosh Portable" in 1989 with little success because it weighed in at almost 20 pounds. A few years later, Apple released the PowerBook, which once again put them at the forefront of a major sector of the computer market.
Apple struggled to remain profitable through much of the 90's but with Jobs' return in 1997 and the release of the iMac in 1998, it managed to climb back to the top.
Who invented the CD player? Sony gets the credit for creating both the prototype for a CD player and the first model to hit the market.
Who invented the cell phone? The honor goes to inventor Martin Cooper, but AT&T and Bell Labs started work on a wireless phone network well before that.