What Does HTML Stand for

What does HTML stand for? This acronym describes Hypertext Markup Language, a very simple computer code that enables the Internet to function.

What HTML Does
There are two components to HTML, one that allows for text formatting and one that allows links to work. Formatting is achieved through a simple set of tags, such as <p> for paragraph and <b> for bold, that Web browsers are programmed to recognize. Without this basic formatting, Web pages would be giant blocks of words that all run together. In other words, very difficult to read. Even as CSS has improved Web page formatting and Javascript and Flash have added interactive elements, basic HTML is still necessary to create paragraphs, text enhancements and subheads.

The more exciting aspect of HTML is hypertext links. Hypertext is how you move around the Web. When you click on a link, your browser automatically travels to a new address, as long as the link is working. If you look at the source of a Web page, you'll see the addresses coded in <a href=> tags around the link text. Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee is widely credited as creating the basic framework for hypertext and the World Wide Web while working at CERN in 1990. Hypertext is primarily used on the Internet, although links can be embedded in other programs and files, such as iTunes or Microsoft Word documents.

Using HTML
Once HTML code is written, it is saved in an htm or html file and stored on a computer. The file, when viewed with a browser such as Firefox, is translated to a viewablee format. The tags separate any normal text from the actual code. Angle brackets (greater-than and less-than signs) contain the codes. The first tag tells the browser to bold the text before presenting it to the reader. The last tag tells the browser that any text after the tag should not be bolded.

HTML is a very simple language to learn, and simple commands can be learned in a few hours or less. Once you have the basics down, you can start creating your own Web pages. HTML can be combined with other languages, such as Javascript, VBscript, CSS and PHP to add additional elements to pages. HTML by itself is a powerful language, but when mixed with scripts and other languages, a very fun and interactive page can be built. 

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